What could be more complex than wax and wicks? There’s a science behind it, after all. These candle making techniques will teach newbies all they need to know.
Candle making is an age-old hobby that requires just a few easy steps, but without the correct supplies and knowledge of the process, the result can be unsatisfactory. The wick might become submerged in the wax, the aroma could fade quickly, or the candle could burn so hot that the container holding it cracks.
Aussie Candle Supplies and other candle supply firms provide a wealth of online information regarding materials and candle making techniques for first-time candle makers. Here are some highlights, as well as some resources for prospective candle makers.
Early cultures throughout the world began producing wicked candles forms of easily accessible materials thousands of years ago. Papyrus was rolled and repeatedly dipped in molten tallow or beeswax by the ancient Romans. The Japanese used wax collected from tree nuts to make candles. In India, early candle wax was made by boiling cinnamon tree fruit.
The ingredients used to make candles have developed throughout time as more attractive waxes and wicks have been discovered. The wax made from sperm whale oil became a popular element in the 18th century because it was tougher than tallow or beeswax, created a brighter light, and, believe it or not, did not release a terrible stench when burned. In the 1850s, chemists extracted wax from petroleum and purified it to create paraffin wax, which is still used to make candles today.
Modern candle producers employ a broad range of waxes and wax mixtures
Every wax has characteristics that make it more or less appealing to a candle maker. Beeswax, for example, has a lovely golden hue, emanates a delicate sweet aroma, and is hard when solid, making it perfect for producing pillar and taper candles, as well as candles moulded or textured by moulds. The inherent aroma of beeswax, on the other hand, frequently hides or modifies any additional perfumes.
Soy wax, on the other hand, which has grown in popularity in recent years, is quite soft and so ideally suited for container candles. This wax is often better than beeswax for throwing fragrance, but not as good as paraffin wax.
Scent, Form, And Size
Candles come in different forms and sizes, but some of the simplest to manufacture are container candles, which are simply candles made by pouring hot wax into a glass jar or another sort of heat-resistant container.
To make a container candle, just heat your selected wax to roughly 180 degrees Fahrenheit (typically in a pot over a burner). A thermometer is required for this phase. Then, while the wax is still flowing, add pigments and perfumes.
There is some disagreement regarding what may be used as a candle smell. Some people use a blend of essential oils, while others solely utilize scents designed expressly for candle production and provided by candle-making supply businesses.
If you’re using a candle scent, an expert recommends adding it to the wax while it’s at its hottest so it blends nicely. When using essential oils, however, you may need to wait for the wax to cool somewhat so the oils do not break down or evaporate. At varying temperatures, essential oils evaporate and even catch fire; this is known as their “flash point,” and for many oils, this figure is less than 180 degrees Fahrenheit. Because the flash point of oils varies slightly depending on source and batch, some oil providers provide flash point charts to their clients to assist them in their decisions.
There are dyes produced expressly to dye wax that may be used to colour a candle; however, different types of wax will exhibit these dyes differently. Soy wax, for example, softens hues into pastels.
After adding the aroma (and sometimes colour), the wax is poured into the container, where a wick is strung from a pencil or another item that can span the rim of the container.